Roberto Bedoya, is the Cultural Affairs Manager for the City of Oakland. Previously he was the executive director of the Tucson Pima Arts Council, Tucson AZ, where he has instituted the innovative P.L.A.C.E. (People, Land, Arts, Culture and Engagement) Initiative, a civic engagement/placemaking platform that supports artists’ projects that address critical community issues. Bedoya’s tenure as executive director of the National Association of Artists’ Organizations from 1996 to 2001 included serving as co-plaintiff in the lawsuit Finley vs. NEA. As an art consultant, he has worked on projects for Creative Capital Foundation, the Ford Foundation, The Rockefeller Foundation and the Urban Institute. He has consistently supported artists-centered cultural practices and advocated for expanded definitions of inclusion and belonging throughout his career. His essays U.S. Cultural Policy: Its Politics of Participation, Its Creative Potential; Creative Placemaking and the Politics of Belonging and Dis-Belonging,and Spatial Justice: Rasquachification, Race and the City have informed the discussion on cultural policy to shed light on exclusionary practices in cultural policy decision making.